CurriConnects Book List - Math in Use
Math in Use
This extensive list includes books about mathematicians, architects, and engineers. These are the people who apply numbers to accomplish great things. Some accomplishments include historic feats.
Preschool and Picture Books
Oma's Quilt - Paulette Bourgeois, (978-1550747775), Fiction
Interest level: K-2, Lexile: 450
Emily decides to help her grandmother adjust to a nursing home by cutting quilt pieces from her grandmother's old belongings that she could not bring with her; when her grandmother has the finished quilt, she'll be seeing her entire life before her.
The Josefina Story Quilt - Eleanor Coerr, (978-0060213497), Fiction
Interest level: 1-3, Lexile: 420
Josefina learns to cut and sew quilts to save the memories of her family's travel across the U.S. in a covered wagon.
Circus Shapes - Stuart Murphy, (978-0064467131), Non-fiction
Interest level: K-2, Lexile: 140
Circus animals naturally form themselves into geometric shapes.
Ding Dong Ding Dong - Margie Palatini, (978-0786804207), Fiction
Interest level: K-15, Lexile: 100
An ape cleverly disguised as a salesman goes door to door selling cosmetics.
Early Elementary Books
Shape Up! - David Adler, (978-0823413461), Non-fiction
Interest level: 2-4, Lexile: 560
This book uses everyday objects to teach about the concept of geometric shapes.
Pigs on the Ball: Fun with Math and Sports - Amy Axelrod, (978-0689815652), Fiction
Interest level: 1-3, Lexile: 380
A group of pigs learns about aspects of geometry while they are enjoying a game of miniature golf as a family.
Odd Boy Out - Don Brown, (978-0618492985), Non-fiction
Interest level: K-5
Albert Einstein's thinking led the scientific world to readjust their view of the universe.
The Greedy Triangle - Marilyn Burns, (978-0590489911), Fiction
Interest level: 2-4, Lexile: 580
A triangle keeps trying to add angles and lines to its shape to improve its self-image.
Martin and the Tooth Fairy - Bernice Chardiet, (978-0590433051), Fiction
Interest level: 2-4, Lexile: 370
When Martin's friends find out he gets more from the tooth fairy than they do, he offers to put their teeth under his pillow, for a price.
Tricking the Tallyman: The Great Census Shenanigans of 1790 - Jacqueline Davies, (978-0375839092), Fiction
Interest level: 3-5, Lexile: 660
With an anecdotal approach to the first U.S. census, readers learn about the problems people had taking it and what sort of information they were collecting.
Quilt of Dreams - Mindy Dwyer, (978-0882405216), Fiction
Interest level: 1-4, Lexile: 580
After Katy and her mother assemble a quilt cut out by her deceased grandmother, Katy realizes the pieces create the stuff of dreams.
Sam Johnson and the Blue Ribbon Quilt - Lisa Campbell Ernst, (978-0688115050), Fiction
Interest level: 1-4, Lexile: 790
Sam wants to join his wife's quilting group after repairing his awning with patchwork pieces.
Pippo the Fool - Tracey E. Fern, (978-1570916557), Fiction
Interest level: 2-4, Lexile: 770
When the town fool enters the contest to design a dome for the local cathedral, city people are skeptical and amused.
Tommy Trouble and the Magic Marble - Ralph Fletcher, (978-0805063875), Fiction
Interest level: 1-5, Lexile: 310
Young Tommy is tempted to buy a "magic" marble for $10 when the seller tries to convince him that it will protect him from bad dreams.
The Patchwork Quilt - Valerie Flournoy, (?978-0803700970), Fiction
Interest level: 3-6, Lexile: 520
Tanya learns to cut and sew material scraps into beautiful quilts with the help of her grandmother; Tanya learns to appreciate the important role her grandmother has in their family life.
Max Malone Makes a Million - Charlotte Herman, (978-0805023282), Fiction
Interest level: 1-4, Lexile: 500
Max never gives up trying to make a quick buck with his friend, but they envy another acquaintance who seems more successful.
The Three Little Pigs - Steven Kellogg, (978-0064437790), Fiction
Interest level: K-3, Lexile: 640
In this new version of the classic three little pigs story, the little pigs are trying to run a business set up for them by an aunt when they encounter the big bad wolf.
Shoeshine Whittaker - Helen Ketteman, (978-0802787149), Fiction
Interest level: K-3, Lexile: 560
Shoeshine moves into a new town to start up a shoeshine business in Mudville
How Pizza Came to Queens - Dayal Kaur Khalsa, (978-0517571262), Fiction
Interest level: 3-6, Lexile: 670
A visiting family member shows everyone how to make real pizza.
Miss Spider's New Car - David Kirk, (978-0590307130), Fiction
Interest level: 2-4, Lexile: 590
Miss Spider tries out several fantastical car models while shopping for a vehicle.
Measuring Penny - Loreen Leedy, (978-0805053609), Fiction
Interest level: 2-4, Lexile: 500
Lisa learns about the concept of measurement by using everything in sight to measure her pet.
Making a Model with Solid Figures - Jennifer Marrewa, (978-0836890051), Non-fiction
Interest level: 1-3, Lexile: 400
Children come home from a park they want to build a model of; they find similar shapes in common objects around the house.
Beatrice's Goat - Page McBrier, (978-0689824609), Fiction
Interest level: 2-5, Lexile: 640
A young girl takes advantage of the gift of a goat her family receives in order to obtain the funds for her school fees and uniforms (this book is a fictionalized account of the Heifer Project International).
The Rag Coat - Lauren Mills, (978-0316574075), Fiction
Interest level: 1-4, Lexile: 630
Betcha! - Stuart Murphy, (978-0739825631), Non-fiction
Interest level: 1-4, Lexile: 290
Two friends talk about things they can do with numbers, estimating and counting.
Amanda Bean's Amazing Dream - Cindy Neuschwander, (978-0590300124), Fiction
Interest level: K-3, Lexile: 290
Cindy finds it easier to indulge in her love of counting when she learns to multiply.
Mummy Math: An Adventure in Geography - Cindy Neuschwander, (978-0805075052), Fiction
Interest level: 2-4, Lexile: 530
Twins who get marooned inside an Egyptian pyramid use their knowledge of math and geometry to find their way out.
Sir Cumference and the Sword in the Cone - Cindy Neuschwander, (978-1570916007), Fiction
Interest level: 2-5, Lexile: 630
Sir Cumference and other associates try to find the sword King Arthur has hidden.
Hershey's Milk Chocolate Weights and Measures - Jerry Pallotta, (978-0439388771), Non-fiction
Interest level: 2-6, Lexile: 460
Amusing clowns teach the math concepts of weighing and measurement with Hershey's candy.
One Hundred Ways to Get to 100 - Jerry Pallotta, (978-0439389136), Non-fiction
Interest level: 2-6, Lexile: 440
Readers learn different combinations that add up to 100 by counting everyday objects
Twizzlers: Shapes and Patterns - Jerry Pallotta, (978-0439340533), Fiction
Interest level: K-6, Lexile: 390
Children learn their shapes by forming them with Twizzlers candy.
Eight Hands Round: A Patchwork Alphabet - Ann Whitford Paul, (978-0064434645), Fiction
Interest level: 3-6, Lexile: 980
Twenty-six quilt patterns, each based on a letter and also an early American object, form the basis of a boy's exploration throughout this book.
Chicken Sunday - Patricia Polacco, (978-0698116153), Fiction
Interest level: K-3, Lexile: 650
The Shapes We Eat - Simone Ribke, (978-0516244310), Non-fiction
Interest level: 1-4, Lexile: 470
This book shows children that common foods come in geometric shapes.
Babu's Song - Stephanie Stuve-Bodeen, (978-1600602757), Fiction
Interest level: K-3, Lexile: 600
Bernardi loves the music box his toymaker grandfather gives him, but he is torn about selling it when he wants a real soccer ball and also needs money for school fees.
Show Way - Jacqueline Woodson, (978-0399237492), Fiction
Interest level: 2-6, Lexile: 720
Soonie's great-grandmother learned to sew secret messages and maps into quilts from her "Big Mama"; the tradition of coded communications continued throughout eight generations beginning with African American slaves.
Upper Elementary to Middle School Books
Common Cents: The Money in Your Pocket - Gerry Bailey, (978-0756516710), Non-fiction
Interest level: 5-8, Lexile: 960
This book covers many "money subjects" including its functions, budgeting, cost of living, and spending power.
Common Ground: The Water, Earth, and Air We Share - Molly Bang, (978-0590100564), Non-fiction
Interest level: 4-7, Lexile: 740
Exploring Solid Figures on the Web - Linda Bussell, (978-0836892871), Non-fiction
Interest level: 3-5, Lexile: 620
While designing a website for school, King School students notice the geometric shapes in different buildings.
Measuring at the Pond - Linda Bussell, (978-0836892918), Fiction
Interest level: 4-7, Lexile: 780
On a school trip, elementary students catch and measure insects and also read about them in the guide book.
How Long or How Wide?: A Measuring Guide - Brian Cleary, (978-0822566946), Non-fiction
Interest level: 4-6, Lexile: 730
Measurements involving both the metric system and the U.S. system of measurement come across with simple rhyming pages.
Architect - Jessica Cohn, (978-1433921537), Non-fiction
Interest level: 4-6, Lexile: 720
This book is part of a series which describes requirements and duties of various jobs; this one focuses on becoming an architect.
The Beloved Dearly - Doug Cooney, (978-0689831270), Fiction
Interest level: 4-7, Lexile: 620
Ernie's dreams of being a 12-year-old millionaire backfire despite his initial success in the pet funeral business.
Do You Wanna Bet?: Your Chance to Find out about Probability - Jean Cushman, (978-0618829996), Non-fiction
Interest level: 4-6, Lexile: 660
Readers learn, through the eyes of two young boys, that many common everyday things happen because of mathematical odds and probability.
Not for a Billion Gazillion Dollars - Paula Danziger, (978-0698116931), Fiction
Interest level: 32-6, Lexile: 820
Matthew ends up starting his own business after successfully making enough money to buy a computer he really thinks he needs.
Just the Right Size: Why Big Animals Are Big and Little Animals Are Little - Nicola Davies, (978-0763639242), Non-fiction
Interest level: 2-8, Lexile: 1140
This book explains why big animals can do different things than small animals and how their sizes affect their activities and performances.
The Greatest Basketball Records - Matt Doeden, (978-1429620062), Non-fiction
Interest level: 4-12, Lexile: 860
With the help of short stories and plenty of tables and graphics, readers learn amazing basketball statistics.
The Taj Mahal - Lesley A. Dutemple , (978-0822546948), Non-fiction
Interest level: 8-12, Lexile: 1100
Ramses II: Egyptian Pharaoh, Warrior, and Builder - Stephanie Fitzgerald, (978-0756538361), Non-fiction
Interest level: 4-10, Lexile: 1060
Born into the Egyptian royal family, Ramses II grows up to be one of the great builders of the pyramids and other Egyptian architectural monuments that have lasted throughout the ages.
The White House: An Illustrated History - Catherine Grace, (978-0439429719), Non-fiction
Interest level: 6-9, Lexile: 1030
This book provides a history of the building of the White House, its important developments, its symbolic significance, and even gives readers a room-by-room tour!
Gold Rush Fever: A Story of the Klondike, 1898 - Barbara Greenwood, (978-1550748505), Non-fiction
Interest level: 6-9, Lexile: 840
A 13-year-old boy and his brother learn the details of gold rush fever in the Yukon after they set out for Canada from Seattle; their experience includes learning about bad weather, tough luck, gambling, mining methods, the life of miners etc. all reveale
The Great Railroad Race - Kristiana Gregory, (978-0590109918), Fiction
Interest level: 46-8, Lexile: 970
Libby records the events concerning the building of the railroad out West during the 1860's.
Ida B: -- And Her Plans to Maximize Fun, Avoid Disaster, and (possibly) Save the World - Katherine Hannigan, (978-0060730246), Fiction
Interest level: 5-7, Lexile: 970
Ida has plenty of plans and plenty of energy but not enough time to see them all through.
How to Get Rich in the California Gold Rush - Thomas Hartley, (978-1426303159), Non-fiction
Interest level: 4-7, Lexile: 990
This pseudo-non-fiction book uses a fictionalized but real-seeming character and his adventures before and during the California Gold Rush to show it from an economic point of view; further resources in the "Encyclopedia of the Gold Rush" make looking at
Orphan of the Sun - Gill Harvey, (978-0747579458), Fiction
Interest level: 8-9, Lexile: 750
Egyptian tomb construction is the backdrop for this novel of a young teen-aged girl who tries to deal with unnerving dreams and an upcoming arranged marriage.
The Amazing Thinking Machine - Dennis Haseley, (978-0803726093), Fiction
Interest level: 3-7, Lexile: 810
Two brothers, living during the Depression, invent a machine that helps make money for their family while their father is out of work.
All-In - Pete Hautman, (978-1416913252), Fiction
Interest level: 7-12, Lexile: 760
Denn Doyle is only 17, but he has a history of winning and winning at poker until he gets involved in a romance with a young Las Vegas dealer.
Business as Usual - David Haynes, (978-0789154132), Fiction
Interest level: 2-8, Lexile: 770
A group of friends applies their new-found knowledge about economics and money-making to try and start a new business.
Flush - Carl Hiaasen, (978-0375821820), Fiction
Interest level: 5-8, Lexile: 830
Brother and sister Noah and Abbey try to help their jailed father by exposing the illegal practices of the owner of a floating casino the father sank.
Death Run - Jack Higgins, (978-0399250811), Fiction
Interest level: 4-7, Lexile: 660
Twins attempt to help their spy father catch a mafia banker.
The Great Turkey Walk - Kathleen Karr, (978-0374327736), Fiction
Interest level: 4-12, Lexile: 700
A young boy tries to move a huge group of turkeys across country in order to sell them and make big money.
Who is Baseball's Greatest Pitcher? - Jeff Kisseloff, (978-0812626858), Non-fiction
Interest level: 4-12, Lexile: 1000
Readers take an active role in this book by comparing statistics about the world's best pitchers; they then have to decide, based on their research, the name of the best one!
Regarding the Sink: Where, oh Where, Did Waters Go? - Kate Klise, (978-0152050191), Fiction
Interest level: 5-8, Lexile: 950
In a series of letters, readers find out about the Geyser Creek's request to a famous designer to build them a new sink, her subsequent disappearance, and their resulting school trip to China!
Shakespeare's Theater - Andrew Langley, (978-0199105663), Non-fiction
Interest level: 6-8, Lexile: 970
This book includes the history of the first building of the Globe Theater and its reconstruction in 1995.
Rome Antics - David Macaulay, (978-0395822791), Fiction
Interest level: 2-6, Lexile: 880
Readers follow a homing pigeon as he flies the slow route around Rome, viewing both the old and new buildings from above.
You Wouldn't Want to Be a Skyscraper Builder!:A Hazardous Job You'd Rather Not Take - John Malam, (978-0531208243), Non-fiction
Interest level: 56-8, Lexile: 860
From the point of view of a member of a construction crew learning many jobs, this book offers a humorous look at the process of building a skyscraper.
Julia Morgan Built a Castle - Celeste Davidson Mannis, (978-0670059645), Non-fiction
Interest level: 4-7, Lexile: 930
Architect Julia Morgan, a graduate of the Ecole des Beaux-Arts, built a house for newspaper magnate William Randolph Hurst; this book celebrates her life and other accomplishments.
Mickey Mantle - John Marlin, (978-0822553137), Non-fiction
Interest level: 4-6, Lexile: 1130
Learn about Mickey Mantle's life and achievements.
Have Wheels, Will Travel - Anne Mazer, (978-0439178785), Fiction
Interest level: 3-6, Lexile: 520
Abby longs to find a way to save enough for a new pair of skates.
Amelia Works It Out - Marissa Moss, (978-1584850816), Fiction
Interest level: 3-5, Lexile: 610
When Amelia wants to buy something, she tries to use her talents at drawing to make a profit.
Roman Amphitheaters - Don Nardo, (978-0531162248), Non-fiction
Interest level: 5-8, Lexile: 1010
This book provides the history of building amphitheaters in Rome and also goes into problems their builders might have run across.
Joe and the Skyscraper: The Empire State Building in New York City - Dietrich Neumann, (978-3791321035), Non-fiction
Interest level: 4-6, Lexile: 840
A 16-year-old water boy gives his perspective on the building of the Empire State Building as he labors to do his job; in this book comic-style graphics appear superimposed on original photographs of the historic build.
Pyramids - Nathan Olson, (978-1429600514), Non-fiction
Interest level: 3-6, Lexile: 770
Children see the pyramid shape in many common objects and learn about its characteristics in this book which is part of a series on different math concepts.
What Goes Up - Stefan Petrucha, (978-1597071345), Fiction
Interest level: 4-7
In this modern Nancy Drew detective story, a la graphic novel, Nancy stows away with bankers in an attempt to track down stolen funds taken away in a hot air balloon.
Freaky Friday - Mary Rodgers, (978-0060250485), Fiction
Interest level: 5-8, Lexile: 730
Mother and daughter learn about each other's roles as they change places for one day. They each actually totally change into the other person!
If You Hopped Like a Frog - David Schwartz, (978-0590098571), Non-fiction
Interest level: 6-12, Lexile: 990
Interesting comparisons between body sizes and abilities of animals and humans make for interesting reading; what could you eat if you were an ant?
If America Were a Village - David Smith, (978-1554533442), Non-fiction
Interest level: 4-7, Lexile: 990
This book reveals facts and interesting statistics about people in the U.S. by reducing the population to 100 and showing the characteristics of each of many groups.
If the World Were a Village - David Smith, (978-1550747799), Non-fiction
Interest level: 4-7, Lexile: 710
By reducing the world's population to 100 people, this book easily explains trends, facts, and cultural info about the entire planet.
Michelangelo - Diane Stanley, (978-0060521134), Non-fiction
Interest level: 5-8, Lexile: 940
This enthralling biography shares details of Michelangelo's egotistical personality, life,and vast accomplishments while creating art in Florence and Rome during the Renaissance.
The Food Pyramid - Christine Taylor-Butler, (978-0531168592), Non-fiction
Interest level: 4-7, Lexile: 690
Readers learn how to apply the idea of correct proportioning when choosing items for a healthy diet from the food pyramid.
Lou Gehrig - Kevin Viola, (978-0822553113), Non-fiction
Interest level: 4-9, Lexile: 1010
Readers will learn about the life and accomplishments of New York Yankee player and legend Lou Gehrig.
A Library Story: Building a New Central Library - Jennifer Vogel, (978-0822559160), Non-fiction
Interest level: 4-6, Lexile: 800
This book includes the history of the libraries in Minneapolis, MN and culminates in the achievement of a new central public library and completed there in 2006.
Middle School to Young Adult Books
Frank Lloyd Wright - Jan Adkins, (978-0142412442), Non-fiction
Interest level: 7-12, Lexile: 1030
This life of one of the most important architects includes details about his childhood influences, his often bizarre lifestyle, and his great accomplishments which swayed so many designers who followed him.
Six Days in October: The Stock Market Crash of 1929 - Karen Blumenthal, (978-0689842764), Non-fiction
Interest level: 6-12, Lexile: 1040
This book presents materials of many different types to help educate readers about the stock market crash in 1929 - narrative explanations, newspaper clips, cartoons, drawings and photographs.
Everything You Need to Know About Having an Addictive Personality - Jay Bridger, (?978-0823927777), Non-fiction
Interest level: 11-12, Lexile: 970
This non-fiction offering reveals that gambling is a form of addiction like alcohol and drugs, and must be treated professionally; anecdotes about teens and addiction make the facts come alive.
Capital - Lynn Curlee, (978-1416918011), Non-fiction
Interest level: 6-12, Lexile: 1220
This book goes into the planning and construction of the magnificent buildings in and around the National Mall including the Capital.
Life in a Castle - Kay Eastwood, (978-0778713432), Non-fiction
Interest level: 5-8, Lexile: 960
Last Shot: A Final Four Mystery - John Feinstein, (978-0375831683), Fiction
Interest level: 6-10, Lexile: 760
Guests at a Final Four game, pre-teens are shocked to discover one of the star players blackmailed into changing the outcome of the game.
Double or Nothing - Dennis Foon, (978-1550376272), Fiction
Interest level: 5-8, Lexile: 600
Kip's gambling addiction becomes worse when he makes a new friend whose father has a serious gambling addiction.
Cheaper by the Dozen - Frank Gilbreth, (978-0060594336), Non-fiction
Interest level: 5-9, Lexile: 890
In this classic biography, Frank Gilbreth tells the story of the 12-child family he raised using the principles of efficiency experts and the latest technology from 1948.
Football Hero - Tim Green, (978-0061122750), Fiction
Interest level: 6-9, Lexile: 840
TY's brother messes up his chances to play professional football when he succumbs to his uncle's pressure to give him insider dope on the team.
My Darlin' Clementine - Kristiana Gregory, (978-0823421985), Fiction
Interest level: 7-9, Lexile: 800
The legendary Clementine has her dreams interrupted since her gambling father is also an alcoholic, and the area where she lives, Idaho in 1866, is governed by lawless entrepreneurs.
Gotcha - Shelley Hrdlitschka, (978-1551437378), Fiction
Interest level: 9-12, Lexile: 660
Katie tries to help her friends see the dangers of participating in a deadly, banned game involving collecting beads and taking chances.
Talking Walls: The Stories Continue - Margie Burns Knight, (978-0884481652), Non-fiction
Interest level: 7-12, Lexile: 1140
Walls talk around the world, telling the story of their construction and the civilization which conceived the idea of the specific wall.
Ruby Tuesday - Jennifer Kogler, (978-0060739560), Fiction
Interest level: 8-10, Lexile: 840
A teen in a non-conformist family must come to terms with some hard truths about her relatives who earn their livings as gamblers in Las Vegas and musicians.
Frank Gehry - Caroline Lazo, (978-0822533887), Non-fiction
Interest level: 7-12, Lexile: 1090
This biography tells the story of architect Frank Gehry's life, what influenced him, what unusual materials he has used in his art, and what he has accomplished.
The Chief - Robert Lipsyte, (978-0064470971), Fiction
Interest level: 7-10, Lexile: 720
A teen Native American heavyweight champ feels confusion when his reservation starts to build a casino.
Cathedral: The Story of its Construction - David Macaulay, (978-0395316689), Non-fiction
Interest level: 8-12, Lexile: 1120
This book tells the story of the construction of an imagined Gothic cathedral in France in the 13th century; its narrative style includes details about the life of the people and the function of the cathedral in the community.
Drop - Lisa Papademetriou, (978-0375942440), Fiction
Interest level: 6-9, Lexile: 690
A teen math prodigy uses her predictive abilities unwisely when she helps friends win at casino games.
The Tent - Gary Paulsen, (978-0152058333), Fiction
Interest level: 8-11, Lexile: 890
Steven's evangelical minister father goes on the road to make a financial killing, and, although Steven does not like the idea, he likes the money that comes from the false preaching.
Children's History of the 20th Century - D.K. Publishing, (978-0789447227), Non-fiction
Interest level: 10-12, Lexile: 1220
A variety of interesting topics accompanied by telling photos create a picture of the world during the last century; major historical events and inventions keep the reader turning pages for more.
Pirates of the Retail Wasteland - Adam Selzer, (978-0385734820), Fiction
Interest level: 7-9, Lexile: 860
Leon tries to discourage a corporate coffee shop from taking over the traditional downtown business.
The Story of the Toronto Blue Jays - Shawndra Shofner, (978-1583415030), Non-fiction
Interest level: 10-12, Lexile: 1370
Readers find lots of details about the history of the Blue Jays from Canada and also get to examine statistics about the best player from each position.
The Golem - Isaac Bashevis Singer, (978-0374327415), Fiction
Interest level: 6-12, Lexile: 960
This version of the Jewish legend of the Golem shows the clay-like figure assisting a falsely accused banker.
Child of the Owl - Laurence Yep, (978-0060267391), Fiction
Interest level: 8-12, Lexile: 920
After her gambling father has an accident, Casey goes to live with her grandmother in San Francisco's Chinatown, and what at first seems very foreign starts to teach Casey about her background and who she really is.
Books for Mature Teens and Adults
What the World Eats - Faith D'Aluisio, (978-1582462462), Non-fiction
Interest level: 9-12, Lexile: 1150
By examining 25 families and their diets around the world by viewing a picture of the food they each eat in a week, readers get an accurate and interesting idea of the differences and similarities in diet habits, economics, and food availability everywhere.
Freakonomics: A Rogue Economist Explores the Hidden Side of Everything - Steven Levitt, (978-0060731335), Non-fiction
Interest level: 10-12
Levitt applies the scholarly principles of economics to many concrete, every-day life issues, so reading this book is a self-help guide for the economically challenged!
Building Big - David Macaulay, (978-0395963319), Non-fiction
Interest level: 10-12, Lexile: 1260
This book concentrates on discussing planning, design, problems, and solutions when erecting major architectural projects.