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Week of April 14, 2019

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Monday

In our last blog entry, we asked for your help to figure out what Palmer Station was. Thanks to your research skills, we have learned that Palmer Station is a United States research center located in Antarctica. The United States actually has three different research centers in Antarctica. Palmer Station is located on Anvers Island on the Antarctic Peninsula. The map coordinates are 64 00 South and 64 00 West. The station is named after the man who is usually considered the first American to see Antarctica: Nathaniel B. Palmer. Another fascinating fact about Palmer Station is that the maximum population is a mere 46 people! During the summer, there are usually 40 or so people living at the station. In the winter months, the population drops to about half of that (15-20 people). The station has a helicopter pad, science labs, and a pier.


Marine biology is the focus of the science research at Palmer Station. They also have a radio receiver that studies lightning over the western hemisphere. What continents are in the western hemisphere? (Hint- we attached a map to help you out). Palmer Station is also located near some unique animals: penguin colonies, fur seals, leopard seals, elephant seals, orcas, humpback whales, and other really cool animals. We have some pictures of the animals below. I wonder whether the animals are there in winter. Yes, it is almost winter right now in Antarctica. Do you remember why?


Guess where Meri and I are flying to next? If you guessed Palmer Station, you are correct! We are actually on a flight from Geneva to London right now. From London we are taking a flight to Australia (yes, back to Australia). The only flights into Antarctica this week are from Australia. Our flight is landing in London now. Meri will update our blog later tonight. We attached some really "cool" pictures of ice (in Antarctica).

     - Geo


An ice berg- right side up. This one has not flipped yet and is very jagged. Does it remind you of any landforms? Photo used by permission. A© Copyright 2007 W. Pomeroy. All rights reserved.


Look at the neat shape of the ice. The blue color is caused by the dense packing of the ice, making light refract differently and appear more blue. What shapes do you see? Photo used by permission. A© Copyright 2007 W. Pomeroy. All rights reserved.


Another iceberg! Photo used by permission. © Copyright 2007 W. Pomeroy. All rights reserved.

 

Palmer Station
Learn more about Palmer Station at this blog.

 

Map of Western Hemisphere
What continents are in the western hemisphere?


Monday Night

Holy Idaho! Geo and I are on a LONG flight from London, England to Sydney, Australia. Uncle GT called us on our cell while we were in London. He is flying to Australia to meet us on a government helicopter tomorrow night. We are actually going to fly with him to Palmer Station. Holy Idaho! I am so excited. Apparently, we are stopping at a place called South Georgia Island. I guess this is another island near Antarctica.


We have been learning a lot about Antarctica. Did you know that the South Pole was located at Antarctica? The continent is about 1.5 times the size of the United States. It is about 14 million square kilometers. Most of the continent is south of the Antarctic Circle. The Antarctic Circle is an imaginary line (similar to the equator) that is found around 66 00 South latitude. Do you remember what imaginary line is found at 0 degrees latitude?


Many countries have "claims" on parts of Antarctica, similar to the way Palmer Station is owned by the United States. Some of the other countries with "claims" include Australia, Argentina, United Kingdom, Chile, and MANY others. The continent of Antarctica has a population of ZERO. But, there are researchers who reside there for the summers, winters, or both.


There is NO arable land in Antarctica. In fact, it is a DESERT! Imagine that -- an Arctic desert. Where else did we see huge deserts? Antarctica is the coldest, driest, and windiest continent in the world. The continent does have a lot of natural resources: chromium, nickel, platinum, gold, coal, iron ore, and many others. Do you think that is why Phoebe is interested in Antarctica?

     - Meri


Here is a picture approaching the Antarctic peninsula. Photo used by permission. ? Copyright 2007 W. Pomeroy. All rights reserved.


Here is another picture of the Antarctic peninsula. Photo used by permission. ? Copyright 2007 W. Pomeroy. All rights reserved.


Wednesday

Tuesday we spent a relaxing day (mainly sleeping) in Sydney, Australia. Uncle GT met up with us late in the evening and briefed us on what was going on. Phoebe Equator is DEFINITELY at Palmer Station. She purchased a VERY expensive ticket for a ship heading from Sydney to Palmer Station. She is not due to arrive in Palmer Station until Thursday morning. She also purchased a ticket to take a crate on the ship (which we are pretty sure is Dewey, the truth sniffing dog). Why would Phoebe be taking Dewey to Palmer Station? What type of research would she be doing in the Antarctic Circle? Do you have any ideas?

     - Geo


Here is a picture we found of one of the buildlings at Palmer Station. I can't wait to get there! Photo used by permission. ? Copyright 2007 W. Pomeroy. All rights reserved.



Wednesday Night

Holy Idaho! Guess where we are RIGHT NOW! We are in a U.S. government helicopter. Uncle GT is here, along with several other U.S. investigators. We are just about to land in South Georgia Island. South Georgia Island is another research center island, but it is owned by the United Kingdom. Uncle GT called ahead of time to make sure it was OK for us to land at South Georgia Island to refuel our helicopter. Holy Idaho you should see the Emperor Penguins that we can see while we are landing. They are amazing! We took some pictures.

     - Meri


Here is a picture of South Georgia Island. What does the flag represent? This building had a post office and small gift shop. We got our sister, Pandora, a gift. Photo used by permission. ? Copyright 2007 W. Pomeroy. All rights reserved.


Check out this Emperor Penguin. It was floating on an ice berg as we were landing!! These penguins are around all year. Photo used by permission. ? Copyright 2007 W. Pomeroy. All rights reserved.


Wednesday Night - back on the

We got off of the airplane for about 15 minutes, but then it was time to take-off to get ready to rescue Dewey. I can't believe that in less than 12 hours we will come face-to-face with Phoebe and FINALLY rescue Dewey. Meri and I have been thinking about our journey. We both have favorite places that we have visited. My favorite spot was South America - specifically the Andes Mountains (remember we had to "rescue" our clue at the cliff). Meri, on the other hand, loved ALL of Europe (especially the trains). Which locations were your favorites?

     - Geo



Tell Geo and Meri what to do:

- Was South America your favorite location (Brazil, Chile, Panama Canal, and others)?

- Was Europe your favorite location (United Kingdom, Scandinavia, Switzerland, and many others)?

- Did you have too many favorites to decide?



 

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