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Linus Pauling (1901)close

Pauling was born in Portland, Oregon, the son of a pharmacist. He attended Oregon State College and received a doctorate from California Institute of Technology where he went on to become a professor. He was chairman of the Division of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering for 22 years. Pauling made advances in chemistry and won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1954. An outspoken opponent of war, particularly using nuclear weapons, he worked for international agreements banning nuclear testing, and in 1963, he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. He is the only person to win two unshared Nobel Prizes.

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